Security Guards 101: A Guide to Security Guards

Written by regionadmin

21st October 2021

Suppose you are considering entering a career within the security industry with the view of becoming a security guard. In that case, it is important to understand what is expected in the role. Gaining as much information about the role as possible is important as this can help you work out if you are the correct fit. If you are a business considering whether you should employ security guards, it is also necessary to know what they do. To help you out, take a look at our handy guide to security guards, answering all the questions you might need to know.

 

What are the Responsibilities of a Security Guard?

A Security Guard, also commonly known as a security officer, is responsible for ensuring that a location or building that they have been assigned to is protected and the people inside it kept safe from harm. Depending on the type of environment a security guard is working in, their role will differ slightly. Security guards commonly work in retail outlets, building sites and offices.

Most security guards do, however, complete similar tasks, which may include the responsibilities listed below:

  • Patrolling and securing the area.
  • Monitoring and analysing CCTV camera footage.
  • Guarding valuables in a secure area.
  • Protecting the company’s assets relative to theft, assault, fire and other safety issues
  • Responding to alarms and emergencies.
  • Communicating any irregularities with management.
  • Keeping an incident report record.
  • Following procedures for various initiatives, including fire prevention, traffic control and accident investigations
  • Checking visitors in and out of the area.
  • Escorting visitors around the premises.
  • Ensuring compliance with government regulations

What Skills Does A Security Guard Require?

In order to succeed in the role of a security guard, a person requires a number of skills and qualities that will aid them within the role. Teamwork and the ability to work well with others is essential as most security guards work as part of a team, especially if they are in charge of a large space or event. Working well with others come hand in hand with effective communication skills – needed both for passing on information to colleagues and law enforcement and for negotiating with people who may be causing a disruption.

On top of this, security guards may often find themselves in high-pressure situations. To help work through this, a calm head and patience is a necessary trait. During an emergency, or when the business you are protecting is at risk, it is important to stay cool and collected, assess the situation correctly, react quickly, and gather information if needed to pass on to the emergency services.

As many security guards work in forward-facing roles that deal with members of the public, great customer service skills are also a benefit. This makes customers feel welcome, meaning that they are more likely to return.

Why Are Security Guards Needed?

According to Statista Research on Recorded Crime in the U.K., the crime rate is 96.4 crimes per 1000 people. Overall, crime has been rising steadily since 2013, now reaching 6.43 million reported crimes each year. Businesses are often targeted by criminals looking to damage or steal property – with tens of thousands of cases like this every year. Therefore, it is important that you still protect your business as much as possible, ensuring that it is not a target as this can cost you valuable time and money in the long run.

An experienced and secure company such as Region Security can help your business become less of a target from criminals, deterring them from entering, stealing from or damaging your property.

What Powers Does A Security Guard Have?

While security guards in other countries may have the ability to carry weapons, in the U.K., under U.K. law, it is illegal for private security guards to carry a weapon, especially to be armed with a gun due to strict gun control laws.

Security guards are, however, permitted to physically restrain members of the public if necessary – perhaps if they are a danger to themselves or others, or they are suspected of committing a crime. This does not just apply to security guards but instead also applies to any member of the public under U.K. law. Security guards can also detain people until the police can attend the location if necessary.

How Do You Protect Yourself As A Security Guard?

Every security guard should receive training on how to protect themselves and the business that they work for. Security training includes a section on how to effectively restrain someone from stopping them from being a harm to themselves, the guard and others. It also includes details on what to do if they witness a crime being committed. This training is generally provided by the Security Industries Authority (SIA), with additional training sometimes being provided by security firms.

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