♦ Updated Jan 2, 2021
Manchester, or as it is colloquially referred to as, the capital of the north, is a bustling and vibrant digital metropolis nestled in the north east region of England. Currently sitting at a population of over half a million, Manchester finds itself only outclassed in sheer populous density by 5 other cities, one of which being London, the capital of England itself.
How, over the years, has Manchester become such a powerhouse? We are going to take a brief look into some of the history concerning the capital of the north to see why it is such a revered hotspot of productivity and tourist fascination.
The History of Manchester
The first known information we have on Manchester dates back to 43 AD, whereby a roman general is stated to have built a fort around a naturally defensible position, where two rivers met. This is also theorised as to where Manchester received its name, being called “Mamucium” at the time.
Fast forward to the first signs of the Manchester we know today and we get to when a castle was turned into a fortified manor of sort. This brought in a lot of skilled stonemasons and carpenters to construct the manor which brought a lot more trade into Manchester, leading to it developing as a small market town. This was aided by the fact that many Flemish weavers made Manchester their home, leading to a lot of cotton and wool trade.
Once the industrial revolution was fully underway, this skyrocketed Manchester to new heights, becoming one of the most industrial cities on the Earth. This is due to the assistance with the cotton and wool trade, affording Manchester to expand its boundaries and draw in many more people to live and work within what was soon to be one of England’s biggest cities.
Manchester also had possibly the first ever telephone communication in the UK and it was certainly one of the first in Europe, with eventually upwards of 400 subscribers to the telephone service. It was only 7 years before a service was developed that could accommodate 10 times that amount of people.
Manchester was do ahead of it’s time and so forward thinking that it was said that “What Manchester does today, the rest of the world does tomorrow”. This is due in part to its size and wealth but also the impact of artists and free thinkers cannot be ignored, due to Manchester’s unique growth, it attracted intellect from far and wide to aid even further in this growth.
In the 20th century, Manchester was officially the 9th most populous region in the world, diversifying their scientific endeavours into engineering chemical and electric industries. Trafford park was also instated as the worlds first industrial park which saw the arrival of the Ford Motor Company and Westinghouse Electric Corporation from the USA. In 1931, Manchester reached it’s highest ever population of 766,311 but has been on a steady and continuous decline ever since.
In the 1950’s Manchester was on the rise to becoming a football superpower, growing to dominate the football game in England with Manchester United FC from the early 1990’s onwards. Mancunian films was also established by John E. Blakely in the 1930’s as a vehicle for northern comedians, this studio was sold to the BBC as Granada Television which is most notable for the soap opera, Coronation Street that has been going for more than 50 years now.
That is roughly a brief history on all of the major events that happened within Manchester’s lifetime, leaving us at today. Manchester has gone through a lot when it comes to changes, from a humble market town to one of the most industrious cities on the planet and now sitting as a digital powerhouse, producing a positive maelstrom of new technology from some of the UK’s brightest minds, it is safe to say, Manchester has made a considerable mark on the world.
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