The History Of Derby

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The History Of Derby

 

All About Derby

Derby is a city in the area of Derbyshire, sitting beside the banks of the River Derwent. It has Roman, Saxon and Viking origins and gained its city status in 1977. As of 2020, has a dense population of 259,653 residents. Originally considered as a market town, Derby exceeded in the industrial era and claims to be one of the birthplaces of the Industrial Revolution. After the invention of the railways in the 19th century, Derby became a centre of the British rail industry.

The origin of Derby’s name has been influenced by a version of the original Roman name ‘Derventio’, with pronunciation of the letter ‘v’ as ‘b’, becoming Derbentio, and later Derby, along with a link to the river Derwent.

Recently, Derby is a notable for its large community of sign-language users. Studies imply that the deaf population in Derby is at least three times higher than the national average.

 

Places of Interest

 

Early Modern Times

Like most places, Derby suffered outbreaks of the plague, but continued to thrive; brewing, clockmaking and cloth industries were all set up and in 1637, Derby was given its own mayor.

It is at this point that the Crown Derby was established in 1750 and is one of the few original fine bone china manufacturers that still remain in Britain. To mark George III’s visit in 1773, a picture of a crown appeared on china goods after permission was granted. During Victoria’s reign, the factory was renamed to the Royal Crown Derby. The business is a world-leading manufacturer and still produces exquisite fine bone china tableware and giftware to this day.

 

Derby’s Industrialisation

Incredibly, the city of Derby is among the centres of Britain’s Industrial Revolution. Derby is famous for firing up Britain’s Industrial Revolution with some of the country’s first factories and spinning mills. In 1717, Derby saw the first water-powered silk mill in Britain, constructed by John Lombe after he stole the secrets of silk-throwing from Piedmont in Italy. In revenge, the Piedmontese poisoned Lombe in 1722. Correspondingly, Jedediah Strutt patented and built a machine called the Derby Rib Attachment that was used on the Rev. Lee’s Framework Knitting Machine, producing ribbed hose.

In the beginning of the 19th century, Derby emerged as an engineering centre. In 1840, the North Midland Railway was set up and soon formed the Midland Railway, after combining with Midland Counties Railway and the Birmingham and Derby Junction Railway. Derby became the firm’s headquarters.

Derby saw an industrial boom when Rolls-Royce opened a car factory in 1907. Additionally, in 1923, the Midland Railway became part of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway but still remained a major rail manufacturing centre.

 

Additional Facts About Derby’s History

As well as kickstarting the British Industrial Revolution, Derby is known for being Florence Nightingale’s birthplace. Nightingale was born in Derby, on May 12th, 1820 and spent her early years in Derbyshire, where her family owned a large estate. Many people refer to her as “The Lady with the Lamp” and she is the founder of modern nursing.

Derby Cathedral towers the city and has the second highest church tower in England. Its bells are the first ring of 10 bells in the world; most of them have been present since 1678 and one of these bells still works almost 500 years later, making it one of the oldest working objects in Derby. Aside from this, Derby Museum & Art Gallery has the largest collection of Joseph Wright paintings. Wright was a valuable painter during the late 18th century and some of his works are held in galleries amongst New York, London and Australia.

Many people forget that New York City’s Central Park was inspired by Derby; The Arboretum is famous for being England’s first public park. It’s Grade II listed, and the design of New York’s Central Park is based off Derby Arboretum.

Over the years, Derby has changed massively and thankfully, many aspects of its history still remain. Its a wonderful city with a spectrum of different opportunities and its heart-warming atmosphere is adored by all.

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